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Volkswagen New Beetle Funsport
Kit Bburago Scale 1:18
Curious miniature of the Volkswagen New Beetle with the name "Beetlemania Funsport".
This miniature was made by Bburago 1:18 scale., with a striking decoration alluding to different sports.
This reference has the number 7022. Belongs to the old catalog of the Italian company.
The miniature is in kit format, disassembled in this original box, which is closed and with their original seals. His condition is new.
Price: 22 Euros
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Volkswagen Beetle History
Few companies today can boast of having among its genuine products industry icons contemporary world: Coca-Cola with the famous drink, Microsoft and its Windows and Volkswagen with the protagonist of this article, the model nicknamed "Beetle" are three examples known about this claim.
The small car was gestated before the Second World War and mass produced after this, was a real revolution in Europe first and the world later. Created with the aim of motorized European users will soon be exported to all countries around the world. It is known by a huge number of people and produced millions of units.
Leaving aside what was supposed the Volkswagen Beetle for their owners and the large number of fans that exist in this model, this article describes what were the ideas behind the creation of this car, the characters involved in its creation (some infamous) and his first steps as a model produced in series.
The story of the birth of this model is curious, succeeding a lot of mishaps and fortunate coincidences. Moreover, given the nature and historical role of some of its precursors, its genesis is very attractive.
How did the Volkswagen Beetle?
The birth of the Volkswagen Beetle is due to the efforts of engineer Ferdinand Porsche.This same person is named after the famous sports cars. In the beginning, these sports cars were an aesthetic and mechanical derivation of the small Beetle. But in this article do not speak of Porsche sports cars.
Born of humble origins in 1875, Porsche has always had in his mind the idea of making an economy car, cheaper and easier to maintain than ideal for a working class that needed a car to go to work, serving as both family car for their holidays. In some ways, this was the same approach was applied to the Ford T in the United States.
Restless by nature and genuine engineering genius, when Porsche was only 25 years had already built a car with an electric motor and founded his own company called "hcF Porsche GmbH Ing. Basically it was a design advisory agency for other major car companies.
When in 1932 the agency of Mr. Porsche was about to close because some past failures, the plant manager NSU commissioned to design a small car and above all simple. The price was very cheap and it could afford the citizens of Germany, an impoverished country after the First World War. This was the project that Porsche had expected. He strove to make the project a reality immediately.
But bad luck appeared accompanying Porsche. NSU disappeared. NSU depended directly on the Italian Fiat under some fairly strict agreements, such as that NSU could not develop or manufacture any private vehicle. When Fiat took notice of the work of Ferdinand, left NSU and is closed.
Porsche was found abandoned, with studies of a new vehicle but no money for this exciting project. However, the engineer´s work coincides in time with the Nazi propaganda machine. Demonstrating to the world the triumph of the German people, the Nazis proposed the creation of an economy car which was available to all Germans.
Porsche saw a great opportunity for your project and in 1933 met with Adolf Hitler. Thanks to that interview, the engineer would be integrated into the German Car Manufacturer (RDA). Its purpose was utilitarian car and would have dreamed of German state money. The car was conditional on certain characteristics, it was essential to a speed of 100 km/h with a consumption of only 7 liters per 100 kilometers. as to allow four adults to travel comfortably inside.
In 1934 he begin to see the first outline of future car and a few months later, in 1936 were the first road tests in the Black Forest region, presenting a thirty prototypes in 1937.
Given the work done and convincing Hitler that the RDA was not too enthusiastic about throwing out the project, the German president decided to build its own factory in a small town called Fallersleben in Wolfsburg Area. The place had about a navigable waterway and a power plant that would serve to provide power to both the factory in the town where the workers reside.
The future model "Beetle" was called "KDF-Wagen"and could be purchased by buyers thanks to a curious and complex system of vouchers previously used to finance production. The system worked with special coupons worth 5 marks each. Arriving at 90 and the car was available to pay 50 marks more in the time of delivery and add still more than 200 marks for two years for insurance. Despite this complicated and somewhat suspicious financial system, 336,000 people signed up for this plan. Such was the desire and need for the Germans to have their own vehicle.
But in 1939 Germany would invade Poland and starting World War II, stopping the assembly line of the KdF-Wagen and replacing the production of civilian vehicles by the military in 1941. As a result, none of those who seek your KdF-Waguen could access it. Was it coincidence or was a way to finance the Nazis by building a factory for military purposes? Either way, the dreamer Ferdinand Porsche had fully involved in an ugly issue in the future it would bring serious consequences.
After the Second World War, the Wolfsburg region was in the British zone and the Volkswagen factory was completely destroyed. German workers of that factory painstakingly rebuilt and new cars were manufactured. Of the 6,000 people working in the factory, more than half is devoted exclusively to reconstruction of the factory.
There was no material and factory lay in ruins, but after many efforts, in 1945 produced a small number of vehicles. Finally, in 1946, introducing his 1,000 th vehicle, the Wolfsburg factory was reborn but this time, fortunately for peaceful purposes. As is also rumored, Ferdinand himself participate in this work despite being arrested on charges of collaborating with the Nazi government, agreeing and his freedom in exchange for making the vehicle.
Once rebuilt the factory and with the intention of returning the plant to the Germans, the British appointed as managing director Heinrich Nordhoff, who would be key in consolidating permanently mark a difficult period as the post-war Europe. This person was the head of Volkswagen for two decades. His work was very good, consolidating the company´s business and expansionism. Having a clear idea and initially produce only one model of vehicle, with few changes and focusing on exports were the key factors in understanding the growth.
Evolution of the model
The fifties began with bad news, because Ferdinand Porsche died. In that same decade, the Volkswagen Beetle was expansionary throughout the world, introduces in many countries and manufactures in Ireland, South Africa, New Zealand, Belgium, Australia, Philippines. In Mexico and Brazil were made longer and also it would sell more cars than in other markets. In addition, new models based on the mechanical structure of the "Beetle" were born such as the van "Transporter". Even the company Karmman present a new model based on the German car mechanics and design of the Italian Ghia.
In the next decade, Volkswagen wanted to replace this model. But demand would force them to expand even further the small utility, inaugurated factory in Uruguay, Venezuela, Portugal, Costa Rica, Peru, Singapore and Malaysia. Year after year, Volkswagen introduced improvements in the model, supplemented occasionally with major innovations such as the one applied in the late sixties with the addition of a 1,600-cc engine more capable than classic engine.
On February 17, 1972 would be an important date for the Volkswagen, the small car hit the 15,007,034 vehicles built, surpassing the record of the Ford T.
As mentioned before, wanted to replace the Volkswagen Beetle. The company tried to market some utilities taking the mechanics of the Beetle. They had better equipment, more advanced design and ability but not the charisma to replace the Beetle. In 1974 Volkswagn introduced a similar model but much more modern, sharing the same market segment: Golf. Finally, the German manufacturer of the Beetle ceased production on 19 January 1978. The convertible version produced by Karmann would resist until early 1980.
The model is built over years in the rest of the world, because I had good sales. Were slowly closing down production in all countries, the last to disappear would be the Mexican Volkswagen and entered the twenty-first century, namely July 30, 2003 with a total world production of 21,529,464 units.
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